Why does the Bible have an Old Testament and New Testament?

Why does the Bible have an Old Testament and New Testament?

The entire Bible, all 66 books, was written over a period of 1500 years. The Old Testament, from Genesis to Malachi, was written to reveal God’s plan of Creation, redemption and salvation through the coming Messiah. It is focused on the nation of Israel and prophecy. It was compiled in the B.C. era, i.e. before Christ. Remember that God first revealed himself in the Creation and then in the written Word. Malachi is the last of the books in what is referred to as the Old Testament. It was written about 400 years before the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.

After 400 years of silence, God revealed himself in the living Word, Jesus Christ. The first four books of the New Testament, called the Gospels, recorded the life, teaching, miracles, death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus. They are followed by the historical account of the establishment of the Christian Church, titled the Acts of the Apostles. After Acts, the New Testament contains 21 letters written to churches and individuals laying out the theology of Christianity and providing instructions on how to live lives that reflect the great gift of salvation bestowed upon then by the death and resurrection of Jesus, the Son of God.

The last book of the New Testament, believed to be written near the end of the first century by John, one of Jesus’ closest friends, is a vision of the risen Christ in all his glory and a view of “end times” events.

To summarize, there are two testaments, Old and New, because they reflect the times in which they were written. Together they provide a full revelation of God’s plan for mankind. They tell us about God’s nature and character, the sin nature of mankind and the need for salvation. They then explain God’s answer to man’s sin, the sending of his son, Jesus to rescue mankind and provide a way for individuals to be brought back into a relationship with God.

The two Testaments tell us all we need to know to receive God’s gift of love and grace in Christ to gain eternal life. The Bible is truly the operating manual for life and is Best Investigated Before Leaving Earth.

Does the Bible claim to be the Inspired Word of God? 

Does the Bible claim to be the Inspired Word of God? 

First, an easy, direct answer, YES the Bible does claim to be inspired and has shown itself to be so by the hundreds of predictions exactly fulfilled in date and event hundreds of years later. This is so because God knows the entire experience of the human race as if it has already happened. The apostle Timothy wrote,

“ All Scripture is God breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work”. (2 Timothy 3:16-17)

Some additional comments are worthy of note. Translations, and there are many, make the best effort to capture the intent and context of the inspired original. Hermanutics is the study of Scripture. One must go to the original language as far as possible to get the authors’ full intent, meaning, and purpose of that written. Context, that is who is writing it, when was it written, to whom was it written, what were the circumstances surrounding the passage, etc. are all relevant to gain understanding and discover the treasure of truth contained in the Bible.

It is important to remember, early languages, Hebrew in particular, had a limited vocabulary estimated at 4000 words or less compared to English today of 400,000+ words. Hence most original Hebrew text words had multiple meanings making context of the passage very important. Greek originals of the New Testament were more precise and therefore were more easily translated into modern English.

Finally, the Bible is absolutely the inspired WORD of GOD and God purposely provided it the way He did. This makes one’s study of it so much more exciting and fun. Every time one reads the Bible they discover more truths and the inspiration for living a meaningful and purposeful life. Some say that the word BIBLE is an acronym for the phrase, ‘Best Investigated Before Leaving Earth.’

We urge you and everyone to diligently, take time, and read and study His Word. We encourage you to make it a daily habit. It’s one you will never regret. It will lead you to Jesus who is the only way to Heaven. (John 14:6)